Who Signed the Buganda Agreement on Behalf of Buganda

At the request of Sir Gerald Portal, Alfred Tucker, Bishop of East Equatorial Africa and later Bishop of Uganda, urged the British authorities to take control of Uganda. [2] On May 29, 1893, a treaty between Portal and Kabaka Mwanga unofficially secured Uganda as a British protectorate. On August 27, 1894, Mwanga was forced to sign another treaty with Colonel H.E. Colvile, which encouraged the conventional takeover of the territory. [3] Although the treaties of 1893 and 1894 were concluded because Uganda, as determined by the Berlin Conference, fell within the British sphere of influence, Britain did not have the sanctity of traditional rulers and their peoples. It was important that an agreement be reached as opposed to a treaty, so that British rule would become de jure and not de facto. [3] 16. Until Her Majesty`s Government has considered it appropriate to develop and adopt a forest regulation, it is not possible in this Agreement to define the forest rights that may be granted to the indigenous peoples of Uganda; but it is agreed, on behalf of Her Majesty`s Government, that the order of these forest regulations will take into account the claims of the Baganda people to obtain timber for construction purposes, firewood and other products of forests or uncultivated land and will take into account the arrangements made to ensure that these rights can be exercised free of charge under appropriate safeguards against abuse. The agreement was negotiated by Alfred Tucker, Bishop of Uganda,[5] and signed, among others, by Katikiro Apollo Kagwa of Buganda on behalf of the Kabaka (Daudi Cwa II), who was still a child at the time, and Sir Harry Johnston on behalf of the British colonial government. The agreement stipulated that the Kabaka were to exercise direct domination over the buganda natives, who administered justice through the Lukiiko and its officials.

[6] He also cemented the power of the bakungu clientele chiefs, largely Protestant, led by Kagwa. The British sent only a few officials to administer the country and relied mainly on the Bakungu chiefs. For decades, they were favored for their political skills, Christianity, friendly relations with the British, ability to raise taxes, and Entebbe`s proximity to the Ugandan capital. In the 1920s, British administrators were more confident and had less need for military or administrative support. [4] Kabaka Square was built by Kabaka Mwanga II. Founded and the palace serves to this day as the official residence of the last 6 kings of the Kingdom of Buganda. The word Twekobe means to gather in unity for a cause, which is why the people of Buganda came together to build a palace for the Kabaka on Mengo Hill, and in the palace in 1900 the Buganda Agreement was signed, which defined the future of Uganda. The Kingdom of Uganda is subject to the same customs regulations, portage regulations, etc., which can be introduced with His Majesty`s consent for the Protectorate of Uganda in general, which in a sense can be called external taxation, but the indigenous peoples of the province of Uganda cannot be subject to any national tax other than the hut tax without the consent of the Kabaka. who is guided in this matter by the majority of the votes of his home counsel. On Tuesday, March 10, the 120th anniversary of the Buganda kingdom under Kabaka (king) Daudi Chwa jumped into bed with the British.

The signing of the agreement not only deprived the kingdom of its rights, but also paved the way for paternalism and looting of other parts of Uganda. The agreement enshrined British rule in Buganda and also gave the Baganda the opportunity to extend their influence to other parts of the country. Territories that were not part of the kingdoms were taken over by Bumanda`s neocolonial agents such as Semei Kakungulu. Daudi Chwa, who was a minor when the deal was signed, said that at the age of majority, he said British control had diluted his authority. My current position is so precocious that I am no longer the direct leader of my people. My subjects see me only as one of the paid British servants. That`s because I don`t really have power over my people, not even the smallest leader,” Chwa said after Baganda and British rule over Low and Pratt in 1900-1995. Any order given, whether by my local chief or by Lukiiko himself, is always viewed with contempt unless confirmed by the district commissioner. Chwa`s oath showed how buganda had been enslaved. 5. Laws promulgated by Her Majesty`s Government for the general administration of the Protectorate of Uganda shall also apply to the Kingdom of Uganda, unless they are particularly contrary to the provisions of this Agreement; in that case, the provisions of this Agreement shall constitute a specific exception in respect of the Kingdom of Uganda.

(On behalf of the Kabaka, the Chief and the people of Uganda) Witness of the above signatures: F.J. JACKSON, Vice-Consul of Her Majesty. J. EVATT, Lieutenant-Colonel JAMES FRANCIS CUNNINGHAM ALFRED R.TUCKER, Bishop of Uganda. HENRY HANLON, Vicar Apostolic of Upper Nile, E BRESSON (for Bishop Streicher, White Fathers). R. H. WALKER MATAYO, Mujasi.

LATUSA, Sekibobo. MATAYO, Kaima. YOKANA, Kitunzi. SANTI SEMINDI, Kasuju. ANDEREA, Kimbugwe SEREME, Mujasi, COPRIEN LUWEKULA. NOVA, Jumba, Gabunga. FERINDI, Kyabalongo SAULO, Lumana. YOKANO BUNJO, Katikiro, by Namasole. YOSEFU, Katambalwa. ZAKAYO, Kivate, HEZIKIYA, Namutwe. ALI, Mwenda, NSELWANO, Muwemba. SEMIONI SEBUTA, Mutengesa NJOVU YUSUFU Kitambala, its brand X.

KATA, Nsege. We, the undersigned, sir Henry Hamilton Johnston, K.C.B., Special Commissioner to Her Majesty, Commander-in-Chief and Consul General of the Protectorate of Uganda and adjacent territories, on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of Lndia, of the one part; and the Regents and Chiefs of the Kingdom of Uganda mentioned hereinafter on behalf of the Kabaka (King) of Uganda and the Chiefs and People of Uganda, of the other part: hereby accept the following articles relating to the Government and Administration of the Kingdom of Uganda. By defining Uganda`s northern border as the Kafu River, the 1894 agreement formalized Colvile`s promise that Uganda would receive certain areas in exchange for its support for bunyoro. [1] Two of the “lost counties” (Buyaga and Bugangaizi) were returned to Bunyoro after the referendum on Uganda`s lost counties in 1964. [7] In fact, Mutesa`s return to Uganda took place outside the conference`s mandate. [5] The Kampala Supreme Court`s conclusion that the British government was “going crazy” in Article 6 came shortly after the namirembe agreement was heard, but before the publication of the agreed recommendations – Cohen lobbied to admit it. In November, he reversed the British government`s position and accepted Mutesa`s return, which depended on the adoption and implementation of Namirembe`s recommendations. [5] [6] “Buganda Agreement” means the Buganda Accords from 1894 to 1955 and any other agreement entered into on behalf of His Majesty with Kabaka, the leaders and people of Buganda or the Kabaka Government, but which do not contain Buganda laws or permanent ordinances adopted under this Constitution; In an attempt to impose a solution to the deepening political crisis, Ugandan Governor Sir Andrew Cohen referred to the Ugandan Accord (1900) and demanded that the Kabaka (Mutesa II) be included in the policies of the British government, which advocated maintaining a single unified state of Uganda. 3] Kabaka refused.

[4] [5] As a result, the British government revoked the recognition of Mutesa II as ruler of Uganda under Article 6 of the 1900 Ugandan Convention and deported Mutesa to Britain. [3] [5] The news of Mutesa`s deportation severely shocked Baganda and caused a constitutional crisis. [4] Cohen preferred the immediate installation of a new kabaka, which proved impossible, which required a more complete outcome of the negotiations. [3] [4] By establishing Uganda`s northern border as the Kafu River, the Colvile Agreement of 1894 formalized the 1894 promise that Uganda would receive certain areas in exchange for its support against Bunyoro. .